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The National Museum in Gdansk


monuments, entertainment




The old Franciscan monastery from the late Gothic, adjacent to the body of the church Holy Trinity. Monastery built in the early sixteenth century, its function served several years. Gaining an increasingly popular reformation in Gdansk, led to the collapse of the order. In 1558, the last three monks, unable to keep building it passed under the administration of the City Council, for the purpose of theological colleges. Gdansk School was founded here, and since the seventeenth century, called the Academic. It was one of the top three schools in Prussia, in addition to schools in Elblag and Torun. They came to her not only with students of Prussia, also from the German states, Hungary, even in the Carpathian Spis. The University has been appointed until the early nineteenth century. After the Napoleonic Wars suspends school activities and the building fell into disrepair. 1844 Rudolf pudding take care of Freitag, a native of Wroclaw sculptor but living permanently in Gdansk. He set up the so-called City Museum, Stadtmuseum, collecting ancient art. In addition to the prehistoric tombs found in the urn facial, have been presented souvenirs to the Italian Pompeii, sculptures from demolished buildings and sights of Gdansk flora. In 1884, his collection of completed sets of Gdansk Kunstgewerbemuseum, with whom he joined. Later incorporated into the museum's collection, collection of famous Gdansk Lesser Giełdziński art lovers and Jan Kabrun. In the Free City of Danzig, the museum was the most in a major city. During the Second World War, the most valuable collections were saved. After the war, changed its name to "Pomeranian Museum", the collection included the surviving monuments of the Artus Court, St. Mary's Basilica and other churches. Since 1972, the museum raised to the status of the National Museum. In the museum you can see the decorative arts collections of Gdansk and Gdansk art collections: paintings, furniture, sculpture, wrought-iron. Paintings, mostly Dutch and Flemish in the sixteenth and seventeenth century works such as Jan van Goyen, Pieter Bruegel the younger, Albert Cuyp, Jacob van Ruisdael. A collection of ceramics, silversmithing and konwisarstwa, which was famous Gdansk. It works well here Gallery of Modern Art. However, the most valuable painting, the pearl of the collection of the museum is a triptych by Hans Memling, The Last Judgment, widely regarded as the most valuable painting in the collection of Polish foreign.