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Highland Gate, the beginning of the Gdansk Royal Route






The main entrance gate to the Gdansk, originally located between Gdansk modern fortifications, built in 1571-1576 and designed by Hans Kramer. It's always this way they rode Polish kings coming to Gdansk. The gate was definitively established in 1588, so the first Polish king saw that it was Augustus III Waza.

The designer of the gate was William van den Block, he gave her a beautiful rock decorations. The building was in the spirit of the Renaissance style, solid form of buildings referred to the gates of Antwerp-based Italian patterns. In the main part of the gate three inlets, the largest primary intended for vehicular traffic and two smaller ones on the sides for pedestrian traffic. The entrance and the entrance is flanked by double pilasters with Tuscan capitals. The entire floor decorated with rustication of hewn deep floral ornament. A very interesting element is the upper part of the building, the attic, we can say that a disproportionately high. There are structural reasons for such a solution, in this part of the building hid the weapon or defending trellis entrance to the city. The main decoration of the attic, is the so-called triad of Coats, the coat of arms entering the Republic supported by two angels, on the right arms of Gdansk supported by two lions and left arms of Royal Prussia, supported by two unicorns. The whole is crowned with four lions guarding the entrance to the city.

At the end pilasters, there are three sentences in Latin, it is the influence of the prevailing fashion to place the ruling of justice, piety, peace, freedom and harmony:

  1. Sapientissime fiunt quae pro Republica fiunt – "Smartest happens everything happens for the Polish Republic"
  2. Iustitia et Pietas duo sunt Regnorum omnium Fundamenta – "Justice and piety are two bases of all the kingdoms", Here only interesting if you read the bottom line of an enhanced – Rum omnium Fundamenta – "Rum basis of everything," which is considered a typical symptom of the then Gdansk humor.
  3. Civitatib.(us) haec optanda bona maxime Pax Libertas et Concordia – Good for the country's most desirable is peace, freedom, harmony